How are Scrum Roles Assigned?
What are the Scrum Roles?
- Ensures the Scrum process is followed. See the EPMO’s Scrum Process for details.
- Coaches participants as needed on their roles. For this reason it is important to have a Scrum Master who has had Scrum training and preferably Scrum experience.
- Ensures roadblocks (also called impediments) are removed for the Scrum Team.
- Responsible for ensuring business value is achieved.
- Interacts with Stakeholders to identify and understand the priority of requirements.
- Maintains the Product Backlog throughout the project, which is a prioritized list of requirements (called user stories).
- Identifies user acceptance criteria for each user story.
- Determines whether or not to accept a completed user story as “done”.
Important: The same person cannot be both the Scrum Master and Product Owner.
- Defines tasks and estimates the work.
- Make commitments for what can be completed in each iteration (called a sprint).
- Completes the work.
What about the key traditional Project Management Institute (PMI) Roles?
Stakeholders: Although Stakeholder isn’t a scrum role per se, the Product Owner works with the Stakeholders to identify and prioritize requirements (called user stories). The Scrum Master may also work with Stakeholders on the resolution of impediments (issues and roadblocks).
Project Manager (PM): A PM manages the overall project when Scrum is used to manage only a subset of your project.
If Scrum is being used to manage the implementation of your solution, then a PM is still needed to manage the project through the completion of vendor/solution procurement.
A PM may also be used to manage a project that involves multiple Scrum teams.
Sponsor: All projects need a Sponsor to marshal resources and funding for the project. Within the Scrum framework, the Sponsor is part of the Stakeholder group.
Business Lead: There is no Business Lead role in Scrum, but this person is a probable/potential candidate for the role of Product Owner.
Resources for Additional Information on Scrum Roles
- EPMO Scrum Process
- EPMO Scrum Workbook
- Scrum Minimum Deliverables
- Scrum Meetings
- Scrum Guide from the scrumalliance.org